A brief history of Calcutta
In short, the history of Calcutta is very much in detail. In 1690, when the then East India Company’s agent Job Charnock thought of making this area the focal point of their business. To this end, they bought three villages of Sutanuti, Govindpur and Kalikata from the local zamindars.
Mughals gave the freedom to trade the East India Company for a yearly Rs. 3,000. Then in 1756, Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula took possession of Calcutta. But he could not hold it for a long time. Lord Clive took control of Calcutta after the Battle of Palashi in 1757. In 1772 Calcutta was declared the capital of India and the first Governor General Warren Hasting transferred all important offices from Murshidabad to Calcutta. Since then, the importance of Calcutta has increased greatly throughout India. The next 139 years are from Kolkata as the capital of India.
Dear readers hope to realize that present India, Pakistan and Bangladesh; Kolkata was the capitals of these three. So its importance can be easily estimated. This city has been at the peak of power and authority for a long time. Has been witness to many events. Calcutta, known as “Ananda City” – is featured in the activities of Mother Teresa, Rabindranath Tagore, Satyajit Ray and Subhas Chandra Bose and many other famous personalities. This city of fame has gradually turned into a distinguished representative of Bengali culture. If this city is not traveled, your life as a Bengali is incomplete.
When will you visit Kolkata?
Although not Kolkata, many people can think of its weather from this geographical location. Calcutta’s climate is quite hot. Here are three main seasons – summer, monsoon and winter. The summer period starts in April and ends in June. The temperature in summer goes upto 35-40 degrees Celsius. So it is difficult to travel during this time. So it is better to avoid this season. The best time to travel to Kolkata is the monsoon (July – September) and winter (October – February). In the rainy season, temperature is 20-25 degrees, which is very comfortable. In winter the temperature dropped to 9-11 degrees. If you go from October to February, you can travel to Kolkata very comfortable.
Where will you turn to Calcutta, travel
About 1,887 square kilometers of Kolkata, there are many things to look for in the city. As the capital of that time, the British did not snatch the Calcutta. His evidence is now present. Much British architectural architecture still enjoys the attention of tourists. These include Salt Lake Stadium, Victoria Memorial, Marble Palaces, Eden Gardens, Esplanade, Park Street and much more! I gave the address of some famous places like this.
This famous establishment, named after Britain’s Queen Victoria, is undoubtedly one of the best attractions in Calcutta. There are a total of 21 gardens, more than 28,000 structures and 4,000 paintings in 57-acre Victoria Memorial. About 2 million people visit here every year.
Address: Victoria Memorial Hall, 1 Queens Way, Calcutta.
Travel time: 10am to 5pm
Accessed: 20 rupees for Indian citizens, and 200 rupees for tourists.
Founded in the British period, this huge building is one of the most interesting places in Kolkata. Its position is east of the Hooghly River. The building, which is more than 100 years old, has been used for various purposes at different times. It was used as jail for many times during the British period. It is currently being used as the headquarters of the Eastern Command.
Address: Fort William, Hastings, Calcutta
Travel time: 10am to 5:30 pm
Calcutta people are proud of the nineteenth century palaces; Marble Palace is one of them. Millions of people gather crowd every year to see one of the most attractive buildings in Kolkata. Its beautiful architecture, crafts and many beautiful sculptures will entice you.
Address: 46, Mukeram Babu Street, Jorasanko Kolkata
Time of travel: 10:30 am to 4 pm
As the Eiffel Tower is considered to be a symbol of Paris, there is something similar in the Howrah Bridge, Calcutta. If you do not see this Howrah Bridge, you will be left with a much bigger imperfection in Kolkata. Its position in one of the busiest areas of the city. Built in 1945, this bridge is also used for communication between Kolkata and Hughli. This bridge was named after the Rabindra Bridge, although it was popularized by the name of Howrah Bridge after the honor of poet guru Rabindranath Tagore in 1965.
Address: Jagannath Ghat, 1 Stand Road, Kolkata
Jorasanko Thakur house
This place is probably well known to those who have never come to Kolkata. Will not be there or why, here is the great time of his life Rabindranath Tagore. After the Nobel Prize, this house got international fame. Literature lovers and tourists from different countries rush to see the Kabbiguru’s house every year. Currently this house has been transformed into a museum. All of Rabi Thakur’s belongings, his literary works, paintings, photographs etc. are preserved.
Address: Girish Park, Chittaranjan Avenue, Kolkata.
Admission fee: Rs 10 per person, also for students Rs 5.
About 273 acres of land on the west bank of the Ganges river has been developed in Kolkata’s famous botanical garden. The botanical garden attracts a lot of nature lovers. There are more than 12 thousand different species of trees. It’s a peaceful place. If the city people feel tired in the city crowd, the botanical garden will give you a quiet diversity.
Address: Shibpur, Howrah, West Bengal
Time of travel: 10am – 7pm
Accessed: Rs 10 for the Indians, 100 rupees for tourists
This kalimandir is one of the famous archeologies of Kolkata. In 1855, Rani Rashmoni Mahadevi created this temple as a symbol of his devotion towards Kali. Since then, this temple is a popular destination for Hindu devotees.
Address: Dakshineswar, Calcutta
Travel time: 6am – 12:30 noon and 3pm – 8:30 pm
Many of us know about the famous Belur Math This is a desired destination for devout people. The activities of the famous Ramkrishna Mission and Ramkrishna Maths are mainly operated from here. The ancient buildings and green surroundings of the monastery will fill your mind with a wonderful peace. Many such tourists came to find spiritual peace at the Belur Math.
Address: Belur, Howrah, West Bengal
Travel time: 6am – 11:30 pm and 4pm – 7pm
Access Price: Free
Where will you stay in Calcutta?
If you want to stay in Calcutta, you should be thinking of a few days. In that case, there is a lot of necessity for a good place for a rest. If there is a relative or friend in Kolkata, then the matter is different. But if there is nothing like this, then you have to find a hotel or something like that. Since you are going abroad, it will be wise to stay at a good hotel. For the sake of your convenience, some of the best hotel listings and phone numbers… You can test them.
Some good hotel names and phone numbers in Kolkata
Oberoi Grand Hotel – +91 33 2249 2323
Gateway Hotel by Bypass – +91 33 6666 0000
Great Eastern Hotel – +91 33 4444 7777
J. W. Marriott Hotel – +91 33 6633 0000
Hayat Regency Hotel – +91 33 2335 1234
Novotel Calcutta – +91 33 4032 3333
Kennly Warrath Calcutta – +91 33 2282 3939
Airport City Hotel – +91 33 2513 3131
The Pride Hotel Calcutta – +91 33 4025 9999
The Westin Calcutta – +91 33 4037 1234
Dear readers, maybe there is a lot of information about Calcutta. Hope you enjoy some benefits from this text. I wish your nice and safe trip to Calcutta.