Research has shown that chronic diabetes, especially uncontrolled diabetes, can affect one-third (30-40%) of diabetic patients with diabetes kidney disease stage 3 to stage 4 in a maximum of twenty (5-25) years. In general, diabetes makes the patient’s condition critical by causing permanent damage to all types of blood vessels, large and small.
There is evidence that there are more than two million strains in the two kidneys in the human body. The filters are made of very fine blood vessel; their job is to excrete wastes dissolved in body water through urine. If the filters don’t work properly, the waste stays in the blood. Uncontrolled diabetes, or excess blood glucose for many days, slowly destroys these glands. In the beginning, the protein goes with the urine. Subsequently, the kidneys began to decline in function and the kidneys gradually deteriorated.
Samples of stage 3 kidney disease
In general, the earliest example of diabetes stage 3 kidney diseases is the excretion of protein in the urine. When a very small amount of protein goes, it is initially called microalbumin. Researchers believe that if appropriate steps are taken at this time, the chances of kidney failure can be reduced. Even then, if diabetes is uncontrolled, uncontrolled high blood pressure, and protein excretion rates continue to rise, there is a risk of complete kidney failure within 5 to 6 years of being infected.
Symptoms of kidney failure (stage 4)
Gradually, when the function of the kidneys decreases, their vital functions are seen to be disrupted. This is called chronic stage 4 kidney disease. The last stage of this condition is complete kidney failure. As a result, various physical problems including anemia and high blood pressure occur. And so when the physical symptoms of kidney failure appear, before that 70 to 80 percent of kidney function is usually lost.
In general, patients with diabetic stage 3 kidney disease may notice swelling of the eyes and face after waking up in the morning. Then, gradually the lower part of the legs and the body will become swollen. Symptoms may include loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, itching, high blood pressure, pale complexion, excessive weakness, sleep disturbances, frequent urination, and so on.
Diabetic kidney disease in the beginning (Stage 1 to 3)
If diabetic kidney disease is detected at an early stage, there will be an opportunity to take effective action.
Blood and urine tests can easily detect kidney disease at an early stage 1 to 3. By diagnosing microalbumin and albumin from urine and eGFR from blood creatinine, it is common in current technology to accurately measure, what percentages of the kidneys are working.
Treatment and prevention of diabetes kidney disease stage 3 to 4
Ways to control kidney disease in 1st to 4th stage: If the disease can be diagnosed in 1st to 4th stage, then it is possible to prevent kidney failure in the following ways.
Diabetic kidney disease is a complication of diabetes. It is important to be aware of this in advance. Of course, all diabetic patients need to control their diabetes to the desired level. As with other diabetics, regular blood glucose measurements and urine albumin tests are needed. Diabetes average three-month or blood hemoglobin A-1c (HbA1c) should be kept below seven.
High blood pressure control:
Controlling blood pressure in patients with high blood pressure (below 130/80), those with albumin in their urine (below 120/80). Check for latent high blood pressure regularly. Infected patients should have their kidney function checked every 6 months.
It is necessary to have the habit of moderate physical activity or regular exercise. Keep body weight under control as well.
Eat a balanced diet; Eat vegetables and fruits, eat less fatty foods and less salt. Drink enough water. Eating raw salt in the diet should be limited.
Precautions in taking medicines:
One should refrain from taking any medicine without the advice of a doctor; do not take medicines for acute pain.
Blood cholesterol should be controlled. Most diabetic patients need to take medications to control their cholesterol and reduce their risk of heart disease.
Last step management
Dialysis or kidney transplantation is the only way to survive the last stage of diabetic kidney disease. These are becoming more readily available, but still more expensive. However, if you are aware in time, it is possible to prevent this horrible kidney failure in fifty, sixty percent of cases.