Thyroid is a complex disease. It can put pregnant women at serious health risk. Women should have a thyroid test during childbirth. Otherwise, there is a possibility of facing complex problems during childbirth. Today’s blog I’ve focused about Thyroid disease effects on pregnancy.
Thyroid testing of pregnant women is now mandatory in many countries. This test must be done if there is an unwarranted delay in conceiving a child or repeated miscarriages. During pregnancy, the dose of the drug should be checked repeatedly every one month. Maternal thyroid awareness is essential if a healthy, wholesome and intelligent child is to be born.
What is thyroid?
The H-shaped thyroid gland is located in front of our throat, just below the larynx, about two inches long and almost weightless (less than an ounce). It forms an integral part of the endocrine system, which plays an important role in hormone production in the body. The thyroid gland produces two main hormones, T3 and T4. Hormones secreted by the thyroid regulate the body’s metabolism and other key functions of the body such as weight gain, brain development, respiration, and body temperature and cholesterol levels.
It is important to monitor thyroid levels during pregnancy. This is because it can have an effect on the fetus, including the baby’s nervous system.
The effect that the thyroid has on the fetus
Thyroid disease effects are common during pregnancy, especially when a woman is in the prime of her pregnancy. However, if it is not prescribed at the right time, its effects can cause serious damage later in pregnancy.
Women are more likely to have thyroid hormone deficiency problems. Obesity, fatigue, hair loss, rough skin, swelling of legs and face, menstrual complications, infertility or miscarriage, constipation, chills, etc. can be the symptoms.
More Thyroid complications that occur
1. Even a slight deficiency of thyroid hormone during pregnancy can have an adverse effect on the fetus. The mother may have a variety of problems, including hypertensive complications.
2. Due to this problem of the mother, later the child lags behind the others in intellect and intelligence. So it is very important for pregnant women to keep their thyroid hormone levels right.
3. Excessive thyroid hormone can lead to the following problems such as excessive heat, excessive sweating, trembling hands, palpitations, diarrhea, weight loss, menopause, infertility, etc.
4. If this disease is not treated in time, it can lead to irregular heartbeat and heart failure.
5. The thyroid gland can become swollen, which is called goiter. It can even cause cancer of the thyroid gland.