Cervical cancer is a terrible disorder for women. It has become one of the leading causes of death for women worldwide. The disease is more common in women in underdeveloped and developing countries. Why cervical cancer occurs? Today’s blog I’ve detected some causes of cervical cancer step by step.
Women become infected with the virus long before the symptoms of cancer appear. However, this disease can be prevented through awareness. The spread of the disease is high as women in underdeveloped and developing countries are not health conscious. Women in developed countries are protected from this disease due to their conscious and improved lifestyle.
There are ‘Pap smear tests’ to detect cancer, which women in developed countries can take without hesitation, but there are many familial and social barriers to taking in underdeveloped countries.
Causes of Cervical Cancer:
Why cervical cancer occurs? Human papillomavirus (HPV) virus is one of the leading causes of cervical cancer, but it is not the only cause. It is also transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse. For more than a decade after the infection, the normal cells of the cervix continue to change and at some point turn into cancer. HPV-16 HPV-18, viruses are the most at risk.
The uterus of women accustomed to a normal life can be infected by the HP virus. It has no symptoms or no signs or lesions on physical examination. No treatment is required for this. The cervix is free of almost all HPV viruses in 18 to 24 months due to the body’s immunity. When this virus infection lasts for a long time, changes start in the cervical mucosa and gradually turn into cancer.
Who can be affected by cervical cancer?
It is not common in people under 20 years of age. The victims are usually between 36 and 42 years old. The disease can occur after 60 years, but the number is relatively low. However, there is a misconception that cancer means death. Especially women are hide the disease often increases the risk. With proper treatment, cancer can be completely cured. This disease can be easily avoided by following the hygiene rules.
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Symptoms of cervical cancer:
This part of the uterus has the highest risk of cancer. Symptoms of cervical cancer include excessive white discharge, foul-smelling discharge, excessive or irregular bleeding, recurrent bleeding after menopause, and pain in the waist and lower abdomen or thighs. People who become addicted to sex at an early age are more likely to get this cancer. Cervical cancer can also be caused by having more than one male partner, or having more than one female partner with a male partner, or having children frequently. Child marriage girls are more likely to get this disease.
Early steps against cervical cancer:
The Pap smear test is a simple test to detect this type of cancer. Examination of the cervix with juice can detect cancer, pre-cancerous conditions and other diseases of the cervix, such as inflammation. This is a painless and affordable test method. Generally, married women can start this test after the age of 21 and it is recommended to get tested once a year. Between the ages of 30 and 64, those whose results have been “normal” three times should be tested every three years. However, this routine may change on the advice of a doctor.